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Hip Luxation DIY Drill Sleeve 

Submitted by Mark Rochat, DVM, DACVS | Purdue Univeristy, West Lafayette, Indiana

Hip Luxation DIY Drill Sleeve

DIY drill sleeve demo with tuberculin syringe and Allis forceps
Image courtesy of Mark Rochat, DVM, DACVS | Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana

Craniodorsal hip luxation is a common problem in dogs. For various reasons, open reduction techniques are often employed to restore hip integrity and function. The Knowles toggle pin technique is a popular method of achieving stability because it: 

  • Allows immediate limited weight-bearing
  • Does not require greater trochanteric osteotomy
  • Requires minimal instrumentation to perform

This technique begins by resecting the remnants of the round ligament and drilling a hole through the ligament's origin in the acetabular fossa, just ventral to the articular surface. Protecting the surrounding tissues (femoral head, acetabulum, and associated soft tissues) is important to preventing iatrogenic injury to those structures during drilling of the hole.

While drill guides are commercially available, a less expensive option is to use a tuberculin syringe barrel for an impromptu, DIY drill sleeve.

Quick and Easy Steps

  1. Cut the tip off a tuberculin syringe barrel (where the needle attaches) using a scalpel blade to open the full barrel diameter
  2. Hold the remaining portion in your nondominant hand or, alternatively, with an Allis or similar forcep
  3. Place the enlarged syringe tip against the acetabular fossa in the desired location to begin predrilling your hole
Drill bits as large as 4.5 mm will fit through the syringe barrel. The guide can also be reused by sterilizing it with steam, ethylene oxide, or plasma sterilization methods.