Reference Articles

Cook WT, Smith MM, Markel MD, Grant JW:
"Influence of an interdental full pin on stability of an acrylic external fixator for rostral mandibular fractures in dogs"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 62, Number 4, Page 576-580
Jaeger GH, Wosar MA, Marcellin-Little DJ, Lascelles BD:
"Use of hinged transarticular external fixation for adjunctive joint stabilization in dogs and cats: 14 cases (1999-2003)"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 227, Number 4, Page 586-591
Lescun TB, Morriset S, Fugaro MN, Blevins WE:
"Facilitated ankylosis of the distal interphalangeal joint in a foal"
Australian Veterinary Journal. Volume 82, Issue 5, Page 282-285
McClure SR, Watkins JP, Hogan HA:
"In vitro evaluation of four methods of attaching transfixation pins into a fiberglass cast for use in horses"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 57, Issue 7, Page 1098-1101
Spranklin D, Elder S, Boyle C, McLaughlin R:
"Comparison of a suture anchor and a toggle rod for use in toggle pin fixation of coxofemoral luxations"
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. Volume 42, April 2006, Page 121-126
Cross AR, Lewis DD, Murphy ST, Rigaud S, Madison JB, Kehoe MM, Rapoff AJ:
"Effect of ring diameter and wire tension on the axial biomechanics of four ring circular external skeletal fixator constructs"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 62, Issue 7, Page 1025-1030
Jehn CT, Lewis DD, Farese JP, Ferrell EA, Conley WG, Ehrhart N:
"Tranverse ulnar bone transport osteogenesis: a new technique for limb salvage for the treatment of distal radial osteosarcoma in dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 324-334
Lescun TB, Zacharias JR, Moore GE:
"Assessment of two hydroxyapatite pin coatings by comparison of their pin insertion characteristics in cadaveric equine third metacarpal bone"
In proceedings: 16th annual scientific meeting, European College of Veterinary Surgeons 2007. Page 250
McDonald DE, Palmer RH, Hulse DA, Neigut JS, Hyman WA, Slater MR:
"Holding power of threaded external skeletal fixation pins in the near and far cortices of cadaveric canine tibiae"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 23, Issue 6, Page 488-493
Stallings JT, Lewis DD, Welch RD, Samchukov ML, Marcillin-Little DJ:
"An introduction to distraction osteogenesis and the principles of the Ilizarov method"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 11, Page 59-67
Cross AR, Lewis DD, Rigaud S, Mackinzie GB, Rapoff AJ:
"Effects of wire tension on the biomechanics of asymmetric four-ring circular external skeletal fixator constructs"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 44-50
Jerram RM, Walker AM, Sutherland-Smith J, Warman CGA, Lewis DD:
"Treatment of pedal shortening in a dog by metatarsal distraction osteogenesis"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 46, Issue 4, Page 191-195
Lescun TB:
"Update on transfixation casting in horses"
In: Proceedings of the ACVS Veterinary Symposium, Chicago IL, 2007. Page 136 - 138
McKee WM, Reynolds J:
"Ulnocarpal arthrodesis and limb lengthening for the management of radial agenesis in a dog"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 48, Issue 10, Page 591-595
Toews AR, Bailey JV, Townsend HG, Barber SM:
"Effect of feed rate and drill speed on temperatures in equine cortical bone"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 60, Issue 8, Page 942-944
Aron DN, Foutz TL, Keller WB:
"Experimental and clinical experience with an IM pin external skeletal fixator tie-in configuration"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 4, Issue 86, Page 86-94
Cross AR, Lewis DD, Rigaud S, Rapoff AJ:
"Effect of various distal ring-block configurations on the biomechanical properties of circular external skeletal fixators for use in dogs and cats"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 65, Issue 4, Page 393-398
Johnson AL, Schaeffer DJ:
"Evolution of the treatment of canine radial and tibial fractures with external fixators"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 256-261
Lewis DD, Bloomberg MS:
"External skeletal fixation"
Waltham Focus. Volume 4, Page 9-18
Morisset S, McClure SR, Hillberry BM, Fisher KE:
"In vitro comparison of the use of two large-animal, centrally threaded, positive-profile transfixation pin designs in the equine third metacarpal bone"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 61, Issue 10, Page 1298-1303
Toombs JP, Bronson DG, Ross D, Welch RD
"The SK external fixation system: Description of components, instrumentation, and application techniques"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 16, Issue 2, Page 76-80
Au K, Mattern KL, Lewis DD:
"Dicondyler humeral fracture stabilisation in a dog using a transilial rod and external fixation"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 49, March 2008, Page 148-151
Eggleston RB, Mueller E, Chambers JN, Bentley A:
"Use of an external ring fixator for correction of an acquired angular limb deformity in a donkey"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 217, Issue 8, Page 1186-1190
Joyner PH, Rochat MC, Hoover JP:
"Use of a hybrid external skeletal fixator for repair of a periarticular tibial fracture in a patagonian cavy"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 224, Number 8, Page 1298-1301
Lewis DD, Bronson DG, Welch RD, Samchukov ML, Stallings, JT:
"Biomechanics of circular external skeletal fixation"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 27, Issue 5, Page 454-464
Nanai B, Basinger RR:
"Use of a new investigational interlocking nail supplement in the repair of comminuted diaphyseal tibia fractures in two dogs"
Journal of the American Animal Hopital Association. Volume 41, Page 203-208
Verwilgher D, Van GG, Vanderheyden L, Busoni V, Salciccia A, Balligand M, Serteyn D, Grulke S:
"Mandibular osteodistraction for correction of deep bite class II malocclusion in a horse"
Veterinay Surgery. Volume 37, Number 6, Page 571-579
Auger J, Dupuis J, Boudreault F, Pare P, Beauregard G, Breton L:
"Comparison of multistage versus one-stage destabilization of a type II external fixator used to stabilize an oblique tibial osteotomy in dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 31, Issue 1, Page 10-22
Auger J, Dupuis J, Quesnel A, Beauregard G:
"Surgical treatment of lumbosacral instability caused by discospondylitis in four dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 29, Issue 1, Page 70-80
Ehrhart N:
"Longitudinal bone transport for treatment of primary bone tumors in dogs: Technique description and outcome in 9 dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 24-34
Kasman RA, Chao YS:
"Fatigue performance of external fixator pins"
Journal of Orthopedic Research. Volume 2, Issue 4, Page 377-384
Lewis DD, Bronson DG, Cross AR, Welch RD, Lubilis PS:
"Axial Characteristics of Circular External Skeletal Fixator single Ring Constructs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 30, Number 4, Page 386-394
Nelligan MR, Wheeler JL, Lewis DD, Thompson MS:
"Correction of metatarsal rotation in a dog using a circular fixator construct"
Australian Veterinary Journal. Volume 85, Issue 8, Page 332-336
Walker TM, Pierce WA, Welch RD:
"External fixation of the lumbar spine in a canine model"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 31, Issue 2, Page 181-188
Barno EA, Lescun TB, Zacharias JR, Moore GE:
"Effect of pilot hole drilling on bone temperature and final drilling accuracy during creation of a 6.2 mm hole in equine cadaveric cannon bone"
Proceedings of the 34th Annual Veterinary Orthopedic Society Conference. Volume 34, 2007, Page 58
Farese JP, Lewis DD, Cross AR, Collins KR, Anderson GM, Halling KB:
"Use of IMEX™ SK-circular external fixator hybrid constructs for fracture stabilization in dogs and cats"
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. Volume 38, Page 279-289
Kirkby KA, Lewis DD, Lafuente P, Radasch RM, Fitzpatrick N, Farese JP, Wheeler JL:
"Management of humeral and femoral fractures in dogs and cats with linear-circular hybrid external skeletal fixators"
Journal of American Animal Hospital Association. Volume 44, Page 180-197
Lewis DD, Cross AR, Carmichael S, Anderson MA:
"Recent advances in external skeletal fixation"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 42, Issue 3, Page 103-112
Preston CA, Schulz KS, Taylor KT, Kass PH, Hagan CE, Stover SM:
"In vitro experimental study of the effect of radial shortening and ulnar ostectomy on contact patterns in the elbow joint of dogs"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 62, Issue 10, Page 1548-1556
Welch RD, Lewis DD:
"Distraction osteogenesis"
In: Fracture Management and Bone Healing. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. Volume 29, Issue 5, Page 1187-1205
Basinger RR, Suber JT:
"Two techniques for supplementing Interlocking Nail repair of fractures of the humerus, femur and tibia: results in 12 dogs and cats"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 33, Issue 6, Pages 673-680
Farrell M, Draffan D, Gemmill T, Mellor D, Carmichael S:
"In vitro validation of a technique for assessment of canine and feline elbow joint collateral ligament integrity and description of a new method for collateral ligament prosthetic replacement"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 36, Issue 6, Page 548-556
Koehler CL, Stover SM, LeCouteur RA, Schulz KS, Hawkins DA:
"Effect of a ventral slot procedure and of smooth or positive-profile threaded pins with polymethylmethacrylate fixation on intervertebral biomechanics at treated and adjacent canine cervical vertebral motion units"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 66, Number 4, Page 678-687
Lewis DD, Radasch RM, Beale BS, et al:
"Initial clinical experience with the IMEX™ circular external skeletal fixation system. Part I: Use in fractures or arthrodeses"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 12, Page 108-117
Puchol JL, Herran R, Durall I, Lopez J, Diaz-Betrana C:
"Use of distraction osteogenesis for the correction of diviated nasal septum and premaxilla in a horse"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 224, Issue 7, Page 1147-1150
Wheeler JL, Lewis DD, Cross AR, Sereda CW:
"Closed fluoroscopic-assisted spinal arch external skeletal fixation for the stabilization of vertebral column injuries in five dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 36, Issue 5, Page 442-448
White DT, Bronson DG, Welch RD:
"A mechanical comparison of veterinary linear external fixation systems"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 32, Issue 6, Page 507-514
Beale BS:
"Suture Anchors: A Practical Approach to Stabilizing Joints"
Clinician's Brief. Volume 4, Number 6, 2006, Pages 53-57
Fitzpatrick N, Cross AR, Lewis DD:
"A biomechanical comparison of external skeletal fixation and plating for the stabilization of ilial osteotomies in dogs"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 21, Issue 4, Page 349-357
Kudnig ST, Fitch RB:
"Trans-ilial and trans-sacral brace fixation of sacral fractures and sacro-iliac luxations (seven cases)"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 66, Number 4, Page 678-687

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