Reference Articles

McClure SR, Hillberry BM, Fisher KE:
"In vitro comparison of metaphyseal and diaphyseal placement of centrally threaded, positive-profile transfixation pins in the equine third metacarpal bone"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 61, Number 10, Page 1304-1308
Rochat MC, DiGesualdo CL, Hoover JP:
"Repair of a tibiotarsal varus malunion in a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) using a type 1a hybrid external skeletal fixator"
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery. Volume 19, Issue 2, Page 121-129
Collins KE, Lewis DD, Lanz OL, Newell SM:
"Use of a circular external skeletal fixator for stifle arthrodesis in a dog"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 41, Issue 7, Page 312-315
Hancock R, Cook JL, Tomlinson JL:
"Distraction osteogenesis for treatment of premature physeal closure and shortening of the third and fourth metatarsals of a dog"
Journal of American Animal Hospital Association. Volume 39, 2003, Page 97-103
Lescun TB, McClure SR, Ward MP, Downs C, Wilson DA, Adams SB, Hawkins JF, Reinertson EL:
"Evaluation of transfixation casting for treatment of third metacarpal, third metatarsal, and phalangeal fractures in horses: 37 cases (1994-2004)"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 230, Number 9, Page 1340-1349
McClure SR, Watkins JP, Glickman NW, Hawkins JF, Glickman LT:
"Complete fractures of the third metacarpal or metatarsal bone in horses: 25 cases (1980-1996)"
Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 213, Issue 6, Page 847-850
Sequin B, Harari J, Wood RD, Tillson DM:
"Bone fracture and sequestration as complications of external skeletal fixation"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 38, Issue 2, Page 81-84
Cook JL, Tomlinson JL, Arnoczky SP, Fox DB, Cook CR, Kreeger JM:
"Kinetic study of the replacement of porcine small intestinal submucosa grafts and the regeneration of meniscal-like tissue in large avascular meniscal defects in dogs"
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. Volume 7, Number 3, Page 321-334
Hyldahl C, Pearson S, Tepic S, Perren SM:
"Induction and prevention of pin loosening in External Fixation"
Journal of Orthopaedic Research. Volume 17, Issue 6, Page 947-952
Lescun TB, McClure SR:
"Transfixation casting for the treatment of distal limb fractures in the horse; 27 cases"
In: 2004 Proceedings of the ACVS Veterinary Symposium
McClure SR, Watkins JP, Hogan HA:
"In vitro evaluation of four methods of attaching transfixation pins into a fiberglass cast for use in horses"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 57, Issue 7, Page 1098-1101
Spranklin D, Elder S, Boyle C, McLaughlin R:
"Comparison of a suture anchor and a toggle rod for use in toggle pin fixation of coxofemoral luxations"
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. Volume 42, April 2006, Page 121-126
Cook WT, Smith MM, Markel MD, Grant JW:
"Influence of an interdental full pin on stability of an acrylic external fixator for rostral mandibular fractures in dogs"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 62, Number 4, Page 576-580
Jaeger GH, Wosar MA, Marcellin-Little DJ, Lascelles BD:
"Use of hinged transarticular external fixation for adjunctive joint stabilization in dogs and cats: 14 cases (1999-2003)"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 227, Number 4, Page 586-591
Lescun TB, Morriset S, Fugaro MN, Blevins WE:
"Facilitated ankylosis of the distal interphalangeal joint in a foal"
Australian Veterinary Journal. Volume 82, Issue 5, Page 282-285
McDonald DE, Palmer RH, Hulse DA, Neigut JS, Hyman WA, Slater MR:
"Holding power of threaded external skeletal fixation pins in the near and far cortices of cadaveric canine tibiae"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 23, Issue 6, Page 488-493
Stallings JT, Lewis DD, Welch RD, Samchukov ML, Marcillin-Little DJ:
"An introduction to distraction osteogenesis and the principles of the Ilizarov method"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 11, Page 59-67
Cross AR, Lewis DD, Murphy ST, Rigaud S, Madison JB, Kehoe MM, Rapoff AJ:
"Effect of ring diameter and wire tension on the axial biomechanics of four ring circular external skeletal fixator constructs"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 62, Issue 7, Page 1025-1030
Jehn CT, Lewis DD, Farese JP, Ferrell EA, Conley WG, Ehrhart N:
"Tranverse ulnar bone transport osteogenesis: a new technique for limb salvage for the treatment of distal radial osteosarcoma in dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 324-334
Lescun TB, Zacharias JR, Moore GE:
"Assessment of two hydroxyapatite pin coatings by comparison of their pin insertion characteristics in cadaveric equine third metacarpal bone"
In proceedings: 16th annual scientific meeting, European College of Veterinary Surgeons 2007. Page 250
McKee WM, Reynolds J:
"Ulnocarpal arthrodesis and limb lengthening for the management of radial agenesis in a dog"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 48, Issue 10, Page 591-595
Toews AR, Bailey JV, Townsend HG, Barber SM:
"Effect of feed rate and drill speed on temperatures in equine cortical bone"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 60, Issue 8, Page 942-944
Aron DN, Foutz TL, Keller WB:
"Experimental and clinical experience with an IM pin external skeletal fixator tie-in configuration"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 4, Issue 86, Page 86-94
Cross AR, Lewis DD, Rigaud S, Mackinzie GB, Rapoff AJ:
"Effects of wire tension on the biomechanics of asymmetric four-ring circular external skeletal fixator constructs"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 44-50
Jerram RM, Walker AM, Sutherland-Smith J, Warman CGA, Lewis DD:
"Treatment of pedal shortening in a dog by metatarsal distraction osteogenesis"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 46, Issue 4, Page 191-195
Lescun TB:
"Update on transfixation casting in horses"
In: Proceedings of the ACVS Veterinary Symposium, Chicago IL, 2007. Page 136 - 138
Morisset S, McClure SR, Hillberry BM, Fisher KE:
"In vitro comparison of the use of two large-animal, centrally threaded, positive-profile transfixation pin designs in the equine third metacarpal bone"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 61, Issue 10, Page 1298-1303
Toombs JP, Bronson DG, Ross D, Welch RD
"The SK external fixation system: Description of components, instrumentation, and application techniques"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 16, Issue 2, Page 76-80
Au K, Mattern KL, Lewis DD:
"Dicondyler humeral fracture stabilisation in a dog using a transilial rod and external fixation"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 49, March 2008, Page 148-151
Cross AR, Lewis DD, Rigaud S, Rapoff AJ:
"Effect of various distal ring-block configurations on the biomechanical properties of circular external skeletal fixators for use in dogs and cats"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 65, Issue 4, Page 393-398
Johnson AL, Schaeffer DJ:
"Evolution of the treatment of canine radial and tibial fractures with external fixators"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 256-261
Lewis DD, Bloomberg MS:
"External skeletal fixation"
Waltham Focus. Volume 4, Page 9-18
Nanai B, Basinger RR:
"Use of a new investigational interlocking nail supplement in the repair of comminuted diaphyseal tibia fractures in two dogs"
Journal of the American Animal Hopital Association. Volume 41, Page 203-208
Verwilgher D, Van GG, Vanderheyden L, Busoni V, Salciccia A, Balligand M, Serteyn D, Grulke S:
"Mandibular osteodistraction for correction of deep bite class II malocclusion in a horse"
Veterinay Surgery. Volume 37, Number 6, Page 571-579
Auger J, Dupuis J, Boudreault F, Pare P, Beauregard G, Breton L:
"Comparison of multistage versus one-stage destabilization of a type II external fixator used to stabilize an oblique tibial osteotomy in dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 31, Issue 1, Page 10-22
Eggleston RB, Mueller E, Chambers JN, Bentley A:
"Use of an external ring fixator for correction of an acquired angular limb deformity in a donkey"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 217, Issue 8, Page 1186-1190
Joyner PH, Rochat MC, Hoover JP:
"Use of a hybrid external skeletal fixator for repair of a periarticular tibial fracture in a patagonian cavy"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 224, Number 8, Page 1298-1301
Lewis DD, Bronson DG, Welch RD, Samchukov ML, Stallings, JT:
"Biomechanics of circular external skeletal fixation"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 27, Issue 5, Page 454-464
Nelligan MR, Wheeler JL, Lewis DD, Thompson MS:
"Correction of metatarsal rotation in a dog using a circular fixator construct"
Australian Veterinary Journal. Volume 85, Issue 8, Page 332-336
Walker TM, Pierce WA, Welch RD:
"External fixation of the lumbar spine in a canine model"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 31, Issue 2, Page 181-188
Auger J, Dupuis J, Quesnel A, Beauregard G:
"Surgical treatment of lumbosacral instability caused by discospondylitis in four dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 29, Issue 1, Page 70-80
Ehrhart N:
"Longitudinal bone transport for treatment of primary bone tumors in dogs: Technique description and outcome in 9 dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 24-34
Kasman RA, Chao YS:
"Fatigue performance of external fixator pins"
Journal of Orthopedic Research. Volume 2, Issue 4, Page 377-384
Lewis DD, Bronson DG, Cross AR, Welch RD, Lubilis PS:
"Axial Characteristics of Circular External Skeletal Fixator single Ring Constructs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 30, Number 4, Page 386-394
Preston CA, Schulz KS, Taylor KT, Kass PH, Hagan CE, Stover SM:
"In vitro experimental study of the effect of radial shortening and ulnar ostectomy on contact patterns in the elbow joint of dogs"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 62, Issue 10, Page 1548-1556
Welch RD, Lewis DD:
"Distraction osteogenesis"
In: Fracture Management and Bone Healing. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. Volume 29, Issue 5, Page 1187-1205
Barno EA, Lescun TB, Zacharias JR, Moore GE:
"Effect of pilot hole drilling on bone temperature and final drilling accuracy during creation of a 6.2 mm hole in equine cadaveric cannon bone"
Proceedings of the 34th Annual Veterinary Orthopedic Society Conference. Volume 34, 2007, Page 58
Farese JP, Lewis DD, Cross AR, Collins KR, Anderson GM, Halling KB:
"Use of IMEX™ SK-circular external fixator hybrid constructs for fracture stabilization in dogs and cats"
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. Volume 38, Page 279-289
Kirkby KA, Lewis DD, Lafuente P, Radasch RM, Fitzpatrick N, Farese JP, Wheeler JL:
"Management of humeral and femoral fractures in dogs and cats with linear-circular hybrid external skeletal fixators"
Journal of American Animal Hospital Association. Volume 44, Page 180-197
Lewis DD, Cross AR, Carmichael S, Anderson MA:
"Recent advances in external skeletal fixation"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 42, Issue 3, Page 103-112

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