Reference Articles

McCartney WT, Carmichael S:
"Talar neck fractures in five cats"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 41, Issue 5, Page 204-206
Reems M, Pluhar E, Wheeler D:
"Ex vivo comparison of one versus two distal screws in 8mm model 11 interlocking nails used to stabilize canine distal femoral fractures"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 35, Number 2, Page 161-167
Clarke SP, Carmichael S:
"Treatment of distal diaphyseal fractures using hybrid external skeletal fixation in three dogs"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 47, Issue 2, Page 98-103
Halling KB, Lewis DD, Cross AR, Sammy RJ, Rapoff AJ:
"Biomechanical comparison of a circular external skeletal fixator construct to pin and tension band wire fixation for the stabilization of olecranon osteotomies in dogs: a cadaver study"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 32, Issue 4, Page 324-335
Leasure CS, Lewis DD, Sereda CW, Mattern KL, Jehn CT, Wheeler JL:
"Limited open reduction and stabilization of sacroiliac fracture-luxations using fluoroscopically assisted placement of a trans-iliosacral rod in five dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 36, Issue 7, Page 633-643
McClure S, Watkins JP, Ashman RB:
"In vitro comparison of the effect of parallel and divergent transfixation pins on breaking strength of equine third metacarpal bones"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 55, Issue 9, Page 1327-1330
Robb JL, Cook JL, Carson W:
"In vitro evaluation of screws and suture anchors in metaphyseal bone of the canine tibia"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 34, Issue 5, Page 499-508
Clary EM, Roe SC:
"In vitro biomechanical and histological assessment of pilot hole diameter for positive-profile external skeletal fixation pins in canine tibiae"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 25, Issue 6, Page 453-462
Halling KB, Lewis DD, Jones RW, Hill RC, Anderson GM:
"Use of circular external skeletal fixator constructs to stabilize tarsometarsal arthrodeses in three dogs"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 17, Issue 4, Page 204-209
Lescun TB, Barno EA, Zacharias JR, Moore GE:
"Effect of sequential hole enlargement on cortical bone temperature during creation of a 6.2-mm transcortical hole in the equine third metacarpal bone diaphysis"
In: Proceedings of the 34th Annual Veterinary Orthopedic Society Conference 2007. Page 13
McClure SR, Hillberry BM, Fisher KE:
"In vitro comparison of metaphyseal and diaphyseal placement of centrally threaded, positive-profile transfixation pins in the equine third metacarpal bone"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 61, Number 10, Page 1304-1308
Rochat MC, DiGesualdo CL, Hoover JP:
"Repair of a tibiotarsal varus malunion in a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) using a type 1a hybrid external skeletal fixator"
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery. Volume 19, Issue 2, Page 121-129
Collins KE, Lewis DD, Lanz OL, Newell SM:
"Use of a circular external skeletal fixator for stifle arthrodesis in a dog"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 41, Issue 7, Page 312-315
Hancock R, Cook JL, Tomlinson JL:
"Distraction osteogenesis for treatment of premature physeal closure and shortening of the third and fourth metatarsals of a dog"
Journal of American Animal Hospital Association. Volume 39, 2003, Page 97-103
Lescun TB, McClure SR, Ward MP, Downs C, Wilson DA, Adams SB, Hawkins JF, Reinertson EL:
"Evaluation of transfixation casting for treatment of third metacarpal, third metatarsal, and phalangeal fractures in horses: 37 cases (1994-2004)"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 230, Number 9, Page 1340-1349
McClure SR, Watkins JP, Glickman NW, Hawkins JF, Glickman LT:
"Complete fractures of the third metacarpal or metatarsal bone in horses: 25 cases (1980-1996)"
Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 213, Issue 6, Page 847-850
Sequin B, Harari J, Wood RD, Tillson DM:
"Bone fracture and sequestration as complications of external skeletal fixation"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 38, Issue 2, Page 81-84
Cook JL, Tomlinson JL, Arnoczky SP, Fox DB, Cook CR, Kreeger JM:
"Kinetic study of the replacement of porcine small intestinal submucosa grafts and the regeneration of meniscal-like tissue in large avascular meniscal defects in dogs"
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. Volume 7, Number 3, Page 321-334
Hyldahl C, Pearson S, Tepic S, Perren SM:
"Induction and prevention of pin loosening in External Fixation"
Journal of Orthopaedic Research. Volume 17, Issue 6, Page 947-952
Lescun TB, McClure SR:
"Transfixation casting for the treatment of distal limb fractures in the horse; 27 cases"
In: 2004 Proceedings of the ACVS Veterinary Symposium
McClure SR, Watkins JP, Hogan HA:
"In vitro evaluation of four methods of attaching transfixation pins into a fiberglass cast for use in horses"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 57, Issue 7, Page 1098-1101
Spranklin D, Elder S, Boyle C, McLaughlin R:
"Comparison of a suture anchor and a toggle rod for use in toggle pin fixation of coxofemoral luxations"
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. Volume 42, April 2006, Page 121-126
Cook WT, Smith MM, Markel MD, Grant JW:
"Influence of an interdental full pin on stability of an acrylic external fixator for rostral mandibular fractures in dogs"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 62, Number 4, Page 576-580
Jaeger GH, Wosar MA, Marcellin-Little DJ, Lascelles BD:
"Use of hinged transarticular external fixation for adjunctive joint stabilization in dogs and cats: 14 cases (1999-2003)"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 227, Number 4, Page 586-591
Lescun TB, Morriset S, Fugaro MN, Blevins WE:
"Facilitated ankylosis of the distal interphalangeal joint in a foal"
Australian Veterinary Journal. Volume 82, Issue 5, Page 282-285
McDonald DE, Palmer RH, Hulse DA, Neigut JS, Hyman WA, Slater MR:
"Holding power of threaded external skeletal fixation pins in the near and far cortices of cadaveric canine tibiae"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 23, Issue 6, Page 488-493
Stallings JT, Lewis DD, Welch RD, Samchukov ML, Marcillin-Little DJ:
"An introduction to distraction osteogenesis and the principles of the Ilizarov method"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 11, Page 59-67
Cross AR, Lewis DD, Murphy ST, Rigaud S, Madison JB, Kehoe MM, Rapoff AJ:
"Effect of ring diameter and wire tension on the axial biomechanics of four ring circular external skeletal fixator constructs"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 62, Issue 7, Page 1025-1030
Jehn CT, Lewis DD, Farese JP, Ferrell EA, Conley WG, Ehrhart N:
"Tranverse ulnar bone transport osteogenesis: a new technique for limb salvage for the treatment of distal radial osteosarcoma in dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 324-334
Lescun TB, Zacharias JR, Moore GE:
"Assessment of two hydroxyapatite pin coatings by comparison of their pin insertion characteristics in cadaveric equine third metacarpal bone"
In proceedings: 16th annual scientific meeting, European College of Veterinary Surgeons 2007. Page 250
McKee WM, Reynolds J:
"Ulnocarpal arthrodesis and limb lengthening for the management of radial agenesis in a dog"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 48, Issue 10, Page 591-595
Toews AR, Bailey JV, Townsend HG, Barber SM:
"Effect of feed rate and drill speed on temperatures in equine cortical bone"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 60, Issue 8, Page 942-944
Aron DN, Foutz TL, Keller WB:
"Experimental and clinical experience with an IM pin external skeletal fixator tie-in configuration"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 4, Issue 86, Page 86-94
Cross AR, Lewis DD, Rigaud S, Mackinzie GB, Rapoff AJ:
"Effects of wire tension on the biomechanics of asymmetric four-ring circular external skeletal fixator constructs"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 44-50
Jerram RM, Walker AM, Sutherland-Smith J, Warman CGA, Lewis DD:
"Treatment of pedal shortening in a dog by metatarsal distraction osteogenesis"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 46, Issue 4, Page 191-195
Lescun TB:
"Update on transfixation casting in horses"
In: Proceedings of the ACVS Veterinary Symposium, Chicago IL, 2007. Page 136 - 138
Morisset S, McClure SR, Hillberry BM, Fisher KE:
"In vitro comparison of the use of two large-animal, centrally threaded, positive-profile transfixation pin designs in the equine third metacarpal bone"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 61, Issue 10, Page 1298-1303
Toombs JP, Bronson DG, Ross D, Welch RD
"The SK external fixation system: Description of components, instrumentation, and application techniques"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 16, Issue 2, Page 76-80
Au K, Mattern KL, Lewis DD:
"Dicondyler humeral fracture stabilisation in a dog using a transilial rod and external fixation"
Journal of Small Animal Practice. Volume 49, March 2008, Page 148-151
Cross AR, Lewis DD, Rigaud S, Rapoff AJ:
"Effect of various distal ring-block configurations on the biomechanical properties of circular external skeletal fixators for use in dogs and cats"
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 65, Issue 4, Page 393-398
Johnson AL, Schaeffer DJ:
"Evolution of the treatment of canine radial and tibial fractures with external fixators"
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 256-261
Lewis DD, Bloomberg MS:
"External skeletal fixation"
Waltham Focus. Volume 4, Page 9-18
Nanai B, Basinger RR:
"Use of a new investigational interlocking nail supplement in the repair of comminuted diaphyseal tibia fractures in two dogs"
Journal of the American Animal Hopital Association. Volume 41, Page 203-208
Verwilgher D, Van GG, Vanderheyden L, Busoni V, Salciccia A, Balligand M, Serteyn D, Grulke S:
"Mandibular osteodistraction for correction of deep bite class II malocclusion in a horse"
Veterinay Surgery. Volume 37, Number 6, Page 571-579
Auger J, Dupuis J, Boudreault F, Pare P, Beauregard G, Breton L:
"Comparison of multistage versus one-stage destabilization of a type II external fixator used to stabilize an oblique tibial osteotomy in dogs"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 31, Issue 1, Page 10-22
Eggleston RB, Mueller E, Chambers JN, Bentley A:
"Use of an external ring fixator for correction of an acquired angular limb deformity in a donkey"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 217, Issue 8, Page 1186-1190
Joyner PH, Rochat MC, Hoover JP:
"Use of a hybrid external skeletal fixator for repair of a periarticular tibial fracture in a patagonian cavy"
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Volume 224, Number 8, Page 1298-1301
Lewis DD, Bronson DG, Welch RD, Samchukov ML, Stallings, JT:
"Biomechanics of circular external skeletal fixation"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 27, Issue 5, Page 454-464
Nelligan MR, Wheeler JL, Lewis DD, Thompson MS:
"Correction of metatarsal rotation in a dog using a circular fixator construct"
Australian Veterinary Journal. Volume 85, Issue 8, Page 332-336
Walker TM, Pierce WA, Welch RD:
"External fixation of the lumbar spine in a canine model"
Veterinary Surgery. Volume 31, Issue 2, Page 181-188

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